Tax on pension payments and settlement agreements
In this very brief guide, we explore how to pay a lump sum into your pension scheme as part of your agreement, and the types of practical issues you need to consider.
Pension payments in settlement agreements can be tax-free and therefore worth considering if you are getting over £30,000 from your employer. If you want to find out how much you should get, try our Settlement Agreement Calculator.
Check your pension provider’s rules on paying in tax-free lump sums
You may already be aware that the first £30,000 ‘ex gratia‘ payment is normally tax-free, above which the balance will be subjected to income tax and NI deductions just like a salary. You may also find that you can’t pay more than a £50,000 lump sum into the pension scheme in total for this tax break to be applicable so check how much you’ve paid in already.
Every pension scheme is different, and we would advise that you contact your specific pension provider to ask them what their rules are on paying in tax-free lump sums.
One common feature across all providers is that if you have a settlement agreement in place, you are normally allowed to pay in a lump sum tax-free. You can then draw this money down during your retirement in instalments in the usual way.
This is particularly useful if you are nearing retirement age (and your settlement amount is over £30,000 in the first place).
Payments into your pension under a settlement agreement are not taxable
This will be locked in to your pension until you’re older
You can only draw it down in instalments
Pension settlement case study
One complex case we did involved negotiating a settlement package for a client who was nearing retirement age and was part of a government-backed pension scheme. He was receiving over £30,000 from his (soon to be ex) employer and wanted as much of it to be tax-free as possible. He asked us if we could help him pay a lump sum of money into his pension scheme tax-free.
Firstly we contacted the scheme and it transpired that they had a calculator to tell you exactly how much you could put in and how much you could get out. Our client was able to pay in around £20,000 in return for a monthly payout increase of £1,250. The next highest increment was more than our client was to receive, so he paid in the most he possibly could.
In the end, he received around £32,000 ex gratia as well as £21,000 into his pension, and around £1,500 was paid directly to Monaco Solicitors as his representatives, based on a small percentage of the deal which we negotiated for him, so that £1,500 was tax-free for him. Thus he only paid tax on the £2,000 of the ex gratia payment above the £30k tax-free limit.
The pension scheme required a letter or a form to be filled out by the employer confirming that our client was still in pensionable employment.
This means that it was crucial to ensure that the ‘EDT’, or ‘effective date of termination’ of employment, was after the date when the lump sum would be paid to the pension scheme. In settlement situations, the EDT is normally prior to the payout of lump sums, so this point required some considerable negotiating and working closely with the employer.
In the end, we agreed to extend the EDT to around 21 days after the last day of being salaried, by changing the employment contract to a zero-hours contract.
In other cases, the employer organises the payment direct to the pension provider and there is no need to go through complicated application forms or worry about the date of termination of employment.
In addition to the articles indicated with highlighting throughout this article, you may like to have a look at our settlement agreement templates and examples, and in particular at this settlement agreement which includes a pension payment.
As this is a complex area, you may like to talk to employment law experts like Monaco Solicitors before you decide what steps to take.
We only represent employees and our senior lawyers have years of experience negotiating settlement agreements that incorporate pension payments.
So, do get in touch to find out what services we offer and for a no-obligation consultation:
- Via this website link
- By phone on 020 7717 5259
- By email: email@example.com.